Diwali | Why Diwali is Celebrated?

Diwali is the festival of lights. It is also known as ‘Deepavali’. The word ‘Deepa’ means lamps and ‘avali’ means row. The combined meaning is lamps in a row. This lighting festival is celebrated in October or November every year. This is an ancient Hindu festival. It is celebrated almost everywhere in the world. This festival is mostly celebrated by Hindus, Janis, and Buddhists. This festival depicts light over darkness, good over evils. It is also a beautiful festival of rangoli where people make beautiful rangolis on the floor of their homes, buildings, etc. It is the day; we worship Lord Rama and Goddess Sita by lighting every corner of our temples, homes, offices, factories, buildings usually by ‘diyas’ or lights.

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Just before this glorious festival, everyone starts cleaning their homes, offices, and workplace and makes it neat and clean as it is believed in Hindu mythology that Goddess Laxmi comes to only neat and clean places on this festival to shower her blessings. People started cleaning their workplace a month before the festival. People offer sweets and gifts to their relatives, burn crackers, light candles, and diyas and worship god. Children take blessings from elders. This festival brings peace, prosperity, and blessings.

Why Diwali is celebrated?


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Well, everyone knew that, this glorious festival is celebrated to cherish the victory of Lord Rama over Ravana by killing him successfully and bringing back Goddess Sita from his capture to Ayodhya (Homeplace of Lord Rama) along with, this festival is celebrated to welcome Lord Rama to his home/town Ayodhya after successfully spending 14 years of his life in the forest. Apart from this, there are some other important reasons also which you should know why this festival is celebrated. These reasons are-

Birthday of Goddess Laxmi
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Goddess Laxmi is the Supreme Being in the Hindu religion and Vaishnavism Tradition. She is the Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity. During the churning of the ocean (Samundra-Manthan) which was a new moon day (Amavasya) of the Kartika month, she first appeared on this day.

Lord Krishna killed Narakaasur
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This is another important reason why this festival is celebrated. On the day just before this festival, Lord Krishna (an avatar of Lord Vishnu) killed the devil Narakaasur of Pragjotishpura and saved almost 16,000 women from his capture. Narkaasur captured the three worlds (Trilok) and Lord Krishna rescued it. So on this glorious occasion, we celebrate the victory of Lord Krishna over Narakaasur.

Lord Vishnu rescued Goddess Laxmi from King Bali: Lord Vishnu’s fifth avatar (Vamana) rescued Goddess Laxmi from the prison of King Bali. This is another reason why this festival is celebrated.

Goddess Kaali killed demons: On this special day, war was fought between devtas (the messenger of Gods) and Demons. However, Devtas were defeated in the war. So, Goddess Kali, out of anger killed everybody who appeared in front of her. She even did not spare her husband Shiva (the destroyer) and put his leg on his chest until she realized it, as a reason her tongue came out to demonstrate her mistake. So, Goddess Kali is also worshiped during this holy day as a reason this festival is also known as ‘Kali Puja’ is some Northern Parts of India.

Return of five Pandavas: According to the supreme epic ‘Mahabharata’, during this day (Kartik Amavasya) the five Pandavas return after their twelve years of banishment because of their defeat from Kauravas in the gambling game. People also celebrate this glorious festival to welcome Pandavas (brother of Yudhishthira, Bhima, Nakula, Arjuna, and Sahadeva).

deepavali, dhantares, Diwali, diyas, Festival, Govardhan puja, kali puja, laxmi puja, Religion., Why Diwali is celebrated?,


Apart from this, it is a special day for Aarya Samaj as on this special occasion the founder of Aarya Samaj, Maharishi Dayananda attained his nirvana. His practice was to teach people the lesson of brotherhood. It’s a special day for Jains community as on this day Mahavir Tirthankar, who is considered the founder of modern Jainism also attained his nirvana. He taught people the philosophy of Jainism. Also for the Sikh community, this is a special day. Amar Das, the third Guru of Sikhs declared this day as Red Letter day and all Sikhs visit Gura-dwara to get blessings from Guru Sahib.

The Five Days of Diwali

The First Day: Goddess Dhanvantri appeared from the Churning of the ocean (Sumandra-Manthan). People buy Gold on this special occasion and wear new clothes. It’s a day before ‘Choti Diwali’. Lord Yama is worshiped on this special day. People light diyas and candles in the evening during this day.

The Second Day: This day is known as Choti Diwali. It is known as Kaali chaudas or Narak Chaturdashi. People light diyas, candles and children burn crackers to celebrate this day. Elders fasts on this special day.

The Third Day: The main day to celebrate. People worship Goddess Laxmi along with Lord Ganesha at their homes, shops, and offices. Children burn crackers. People light hundreds of diyas and candles and enlighten every corner of their homes and workplace. During this holy day, the share market in India opens at around 6 pm in the evening as ‘Maurath Trading’ to let investors invest their money on this special occasion. Relatives greet each other, exchange sweets and celebrate together this glorious festival.

The Fourth Day: This day is celebrated as Govardhan (mountain hill) Pooja. In this day people worship mountain Govardhan which Lord Krishna (an avatar of Lord Vishnu) lifted to protect his devotees from Lord Indra. In Gujarat and some parts of Rajasthan, this day is celebrated as ‘bestu Baras’.

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The Fifth Day: This is the final day and is called ‘Bhai-Dooj’. On this occasion, women and girls pray for the long life of their brothers. It was believed in Hindu Mythology that on this day after defeating Narkaasur Lord Krishna visited his sister Subhadra who welcomed him with sweets and flowers and put tilak on his forehead. Since then this particular holy day is celebrated as Bhai-Dooj among Hindus.

Diwali is the festival of lights. People are advised to be careful from crackers, fires during this festival. It is the festival of joy, happiness, peace, and prosperity. May Goddess Laxmi shower her blessings to everyone around us.
Thank You for reading!

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